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Oriental and Persian Rugs Glossary

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Abbas Mirza (1789- 1833)
Abbas Mirza
(1783-1833)
Qajar Prince
He was a younger son of the shah, Feth Ali shah (Qajar Dynasty). He fought with Russia. In 1814 Persia was compelled to make a disadvantageous peace.

Abbas was an intelligent prince, possessed some literary taste, and is noteworthy on account of the comparative simplicity of his life. He died at Mashad in 1833.
Abbas Mirza (1789- 1833)
Abrash
This refers to the hue or color change found on many older rugs, particularly those woven by nomad tribes. Abrash also is indication of traditional materials and dyeing practices. The variations in color are usually the result of inconsistent dyeing of the wool, or through the introduction of a new wool batch while weaving the carpet.
Achaemenian
First Persian Empire
Achaemenian First Persian Empire
A Persian dynasty that ruled Persian empire's (6th-4th BC). Perspolis(Takht-e-Jamshid) is ruins of their palaces near Shiraz in south IRAN. The historian claim there was carpets in the main palace that made of wool and gold wire.
NADER SHAH AFSHAR
NADER SHAH AFSHAR
A group of Turkic-speaking nomads whose primary are of their living is villages around KERMAN(KIRMAN) in southeastern IRAN. The most famous person on this tribe was NADER SHAH (King Nader), the founder of Afshar dynasty, ruled from 1736 - 1747 A.D